Paul Leventhal founded the Nuclear
Control Institute in 1981 and served as its President for 22 years prior
to becoming Founding President in June 2002. Before establishing NCI,
Mr. Leventhal held senior staff positions in the United States Senate on
nuclear power and proliferation issues. He now runs NCI as a Web-based
program and maintains a word-searchable electronic archive at
www.nci.org and a collection of NCI and Senate papers spanning more
than 30 years at the
National Security Archive.
He has prepared five books for the
Institute---Nuclear Terrorism: Defining the Threat (Pergamon-Brassey’s,
1986), Preventing Nuclear Terrorism (Lexington, 1987), The
Tritium Factor (with the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,
1989) Averting a Latin American Nuclear Arms Race (Macmillan,
1992), and Nuclear Power and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons (Brassey’s,
2002). He has lectured in a number of countries on nuclear issues,
including as Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Cambridge University's
Global Security Programme, 1991.
Mr. Leventhal organized the
Institute's International Task Force on Prevention of Nuclear Terrorism
(1986-87), its conference in South America on averting a nuclear arms
race between Argentina and Brazil (1989), a coalition of eminent U.S.
scientists and diplomats seeking a halt in further production of
nuclear-weapon materials (1989), and a working group of public interest
organizations in Washington on nuclear proliferation issues (1981-86).
He served as Special Counsel to the
Senate Government Operations Committee, chaired by Senator Abraham
Ribicoff (D-CT), l972-76, and as Staff Director of the Senate Nuclear
Regulation Subcommittee, chaired by Senator Gary Hart (D-CO),
l979-1981. He was responsible for the investigations and legislation
that resulted in enactment of two landmark nuclear laws---the Energy
Reorganization Act of 1974, fissioning the Atomic Energy Commission into
separate regulatory and promotional nuclear agencies, and the Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Act of 1978, establishing stricter controls on U.S.
nuclear trade to combat the spread of nuclear weapons.
The non-proliferation act’s
requirement that countries accept international inspections on all their
nuclear activities (“full-scope safeguards”) as a condition of receiving
U.S. nuclear assistance eventually was adopted as an international norm
by the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
He also served as co-director of
the bipartisan Senate Special Investigation of the Three Mile Island
Nuclear Accident, co-chaired by Senators Hart and Alan Simpson (R-WY),
1979-1980, and prepared the "lessons-learned" legislation enacted in
1980 to require preventive measures and emergency planning for future
Mr. Leventhal came to Washington in
1969 as Press Secretary to Senator Jacob K. Javits (R-NY) after a decade
of political and investigative reporting for the Cleveland Plain
Dealer, New York Post and Newsday. In 1970, he took a
leave from Javits’ staff to serve as campaign press secretary to Senator
Charles Goodell (R-NY). In l972, he served as Congressional
Correspondent for National Journal before returning to Capitol
Hill to pursue legislative and investigative responsibilities.
Mr. Leventhal was a Research Fellow
at Harvard University's Program for Science and International Affairs
and a Visiting Fellow at the Brookings Institution, 1976-1977,
concentrating on nuclear weapons proliferation under a grant from the
He served as Assistant
Administrator for Policy and Planning at the U.S. National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 1977-1978.
He holds a bachelor's degree in government, magna cum laude, from
Franklin and Marshall College. The college presented him its Alumni
Medal in 1988 for distinguished professional accomplishment and
contributions to society, and an honorary doctor of laws degree in 2001
prior to his delivering that year’s
commencement address. He holds a master's degree from the Columbia
University Graduate School of Journalism. He is married and has two